Central Railway turns 60 today
From 224 million passengers in 1951 to 1,628 million till date, a 200-fold increase in passenger earnings and a three times increase in suburban services, Central Railway (CR) today (November 5), completes 60 years of formation.
With 710 mail/express trains running along the length and breadth of its wide expanse measuring 3,905kms, comprising of five divisions in Mumbai, Bhusawal, Pune, Solapur and Nagpur, CR presently has a total of 477 stations. CR first took form on November 1951, when it was created by integrating Nizam State, Scindia State and Dholpur State Railways, with the Great Indian Peninsula Railway (GIP) Railway. Fifteen years after its integration with GIP Railway, a new railway known as South Central Railway (SCR) was created by merging Solapur division of CR and Secunderabad, Hubli, Vijayawada Divisions from Southern Railway (SR).
A few years later, in 1977, Solapur was merged back with CR and Guntakal Division from SR was included in SCR. A final reorganisation of the zonal railway took place in 2003, when seven more zones were created wherein, Jabalpur and Bhopal Divisions, which were earlier a part of CR were included in West Central Railway and Jhansi Division was included in North Central Railway.
As a part of its diamond jubilee celebration, the heritage building at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was lit up last evening.
On Saturday, April 16, 1853, the first train hauled by three engines steamed out of Bori Bunder, marking the first railway journey in the East.
Known as the Grand Indian Peninsula (GIP) Railway, which merged with the Indian Midland Railway Company in the 1900s, the railway network expanded to Delhi in the north, Kanpur and Allahabad in the north-east, Nagpur in the east and Raichur in the south-east covering 2,575 kms.