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Violence cost India's GDP over $1 trn on PPP basis

Monday, June 11, 2018

Per person cost at Rs 40,000

Violence cost the Indian economy a whopping USD 1.19 trillion (over Rs 80 lakh crore) last year in constant purchasing power parity (PPP) terms, which amounts to roughly USD 595.4 per person, says a report. The findings are part of the report prepared by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) based on an analysis of 163 countries and territories.

Violence impacted USD 1,190.51 billion to the Indian economy in 2017, 9% of the country's gross domestic product (GDP) or USD 595.4 (over Rs 40,000) per person.

The economic impact of violence to the global economy was USD 14.76 trillion in 2017, in PPP terms. This is equivalent to 12.4% of GDP, or USD 1,988 per person.

The global economic impact of violence is defined as the expenditure and economic effect related to “containing, preventing and dealing with the consequences of violence”. The estimates include the direct and indirect cost of violence as well as an economic multiplier. "The multiplier effect calculates the additional economic activity that would have accrued if the direct costs of violence had been avoided," the report noted.

As per the report, human beings encounter conflict regularly –  whether at home, at work, among friends, or on a more systemic level between ethnic, religious or political groups. But the majority of these conflicts do not result in violence.

The fall in peacefulness over the decade was caused by a wide range of factors, including increased terrorist activity, the intensification of conflicts in the Middle East, rising regional tensions in Eastern Europe and northeast Asia, and increasing numbers of refugees and heightened political tensions in Europe and the US, it added.

About the Asia-Pacific region, it said it remained the third most peaceful region in the world despite a slight fall in its overall peacefulness. There were notable improvements in both internal and external conflicts fought and relations with neighbouring countries, but violent crime, terrorism impact, political instability and political terror all deteriorated across the region.

For South Asia, the report said strengthening scores on the Political Terror Scale, refugees and internally displaced person (IDPs) and terrorism impact were only partially offset by a deterioration in external conflicts fought after a border dispute with China flared in the Doklam Pass. The three-month standoff also involved India, which sent troops to the area, it added.

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